Today, 20 April 2021, a Strategy Meeting was organized by Center for Participatory Research and Development (CPRD), focusing on “Scopes and Strategies of CSOs Engagement in the NDC and NAP Development and Implementation Process”. The discussion took place virtually from 10.30 am to 2 pm. Mr. Md Shamsuddoha, Chief Executive of CPRD, anchored the meeting.
The session began with a brief introduction of the participants. In his opening speech, Md Shamsuddoha first portrayed the context of the strategy meeting where he underscored the national-level performances on climate change issues. He also shed light on ‘Biden’s Climate Summit to be held on Earth Day and its ponderosity in determining the success of COP26. Moreover, he stressed the development and implementation of well-equipped Enhanced NDC (Nationally Determined Contributions) and NAP (National Adaptation Plan) by Bangladesh so that Bangladesh can plausibly have a solid and undeniable voice in establishing climate justice. Besides these, Mr. Shamsuddoha emphasized working together to achieve national plans to address climate change.
Then Mr. Md. Ziaul Haque and Mr. Mirza Shawkat Ali, both directors of the Department of Environment, presented two separate presentations respectively on:
1. Update on the preparation of Enhanced NDC and scope of CSOs engagement in the NDC implementation process; and
2. Update on the preparation of NAP and scope of CSOs engagement in the NAP implementation process.
In his session, Md. Ziaul Haque first pointed the background of incorporating NDCs in the climate change discourse. Then he contextualized the necessity of formulating enhanced NDCs. He also described various Articles of the Paris Agreement that marks the legal ground for obliging countries to take part in mitigation actions and develop something like NDCs as a prerequisite. He then, referring to the NDC of Bangladesh submitted in 2015, explained its ins and outs and pointed out the loopholes Bangladesh must fix while developing its Enhanced NDC. He also suggested some specific sectors and ways that Bangladesh can potentially consider while formulating its Enhanced NDC. Mr. Haque stressed that NGOs and CSOs’ opinions and ideas must be valued while developing NDC, as they mirror the accurate picture of climate vulnerability at the field level. NGOs and CSOs are crucial for the implementation of these climate landmarks.
Mr. Mirza Shawkat Ali commenced his session with a brief overview of the NAP (National Adaptation Plan) project e.g., the amount of fund, funding authority, project duration, and implementing authority. He revealed that water resources, agriculture (including fisheries and livestock) and food security, coastal zone, and urban areas would be considered significant sectors under the NAP, and health and gender issues will be treated as the cross-cutting sectors. Mr. Mirza showed the objectives and possible outcomes of the NAP along with the barriers and problems it will have to envisage. He also discussed the guiding principles and overall approach of the NAP formulation. Besides these, Mr. Mirza pointed out the basis of formulating NAP. He added that DoE has already completed a national workshop as NAP consultation with 120 stakeholders from different CSOs and leading NGOs who work on climate change issues. He said that DoE has a plan to organize a thematic seminar, focus group discussions and critical
informant interviews as part of the stakeholder consultation plan for NAP formulation. Then he discussed the monitoring, evaluation, and reporting aspects of the NAP. He concluded his discussion by explaining the governance issues that are crucial for the success of the NAP.
A vibrant group discussion was held after the presentations where participants from different CSOs shared their valuable comments and suggestions. In their discussions, participants had a common suggestion that Bangladesh must be careful in developing the Enhanced NDC and NAP such that it can prove itself as a true contributor in staving off climate change and minimizing the sufferings of climate affected community while also remaining vigilant that these don’t translate into an extra burden on its economy and people, which will ultimately impede the achievement of the overarching goal.
The meeting was put to an end with a vote of thanks from Rabeya Begum, Executive Director SDS, and treasurer CPRD.